Abstain: A neutral response by a member of a jury when questioned about a touch

Advance: front foot followed by the back in a forward movement

Attack: Initial offensive action executed by an extension of a weapon

(Italian) meaning a forward hop or jump

lower part of the fencing mask

Barrage: bout between two or more opponents who are tied to determine the winner

Beat: attempt to knock the opponent's blade aside or out of line

action in which the opponent's blade is forced into the diagonally opposite line.

Black Card: used to indicate the most serious offence in competition. The fencer is usually expelled from the event or tournament completely

Body cord: electrical wiring attached to the blade(s) and connected to the reel 

Bout: an assault at which the score is kept

Button: depressed on the tip of the blade to initiate the scoring signal

Circle step left: left foot followed by right foot movement clockwise around the circle strip ending in en guarde position with the left foot in front

Circle step right: right foot followed by left foot movement counter clockwise around the circle strip ending in en guarde position with the right foot in front

Circle strip: 20ft diameter grounded circle used for dagger fencing

Competition: a group of bouts that fencers participate in  

attack or riposte incorporating one or more feints to the opposite line where the action is completed

(French): "body-to-body", physical contact between two fencers during a bout

attack made against the right-of-way, or in response to the opponent's attack.

Counter-disengage: disengage in the opposite direction, to deceive the counter-parry.

Counter-parry: parry made in the opposite line to the attack, to the opposite side of the opponent's blade.

attack that responds to the opponent's counter- attack, typically a riposte following the parry of the counter-attack.

Cross Parry:
binding either or both of the opponents weapons with the epee and dagger blades in a cross.  

Dagger: a fencing weapon with a short blade and a saber guard to protect the entire hand

Deceive: avoidance of opponents attempt to seize the blade

D.F.C. a comittee comprised of epee and dagger fencers, referees, coaches and judges to set forth the rules and regulations of the sport

Disarm: to deprive a fencer of the weapon

a movement of the blade that deceives the opponent's blade action or changes the line of engagement

Double touch:
simultaneous touch(s) from both opponents

fencing without electric scoring aids

 a bout consisting of 3 rounds with a 1 minute break between each round

when blades contact each other

En guarde:
(French) the stance a fencer assumes when preparing to fence.

Epee: a fencing weapon with triangular cross-section blade and a large bell guard; also a light dueling sword of similar design, popular in the mid-19th century.

Event: a gathering of fencers that compete in one or several competitions

Expulsion: excessive pressure executed by sliding forward on the forte of the opponent’s blade

Feint: an attack to the opposite line.

Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (French) governing body of global fencing regulations

Fleche: (French) forward movement of body with trailing leg crossing the plane of the front foot

Flick: a cut-like action that lands with the point, often involving some whip of the foible of the blade to "throw" the point around a block or other obstruction.

a secondary weapon is used in the opposite hand of the main fighting weapon

upper third of the blade   

Footwork: controlled movement of legs and feet during fencing

Forte: bottom third of blade close to bell guard

French Grip
: a traditional hilt with a slightly curved grip and a large pommel.

an attack that displaces the opponent's blade by a strong grazing action.

bell shaped metal to protect the hand during fencing

handle section of a weapon

tactic to draw a response (second) or intent to score (first) against the opponent

Judge: Officials who assist the referee during a bout

Jury: Officials who ensure all rules and regulations are observed

Area of target defined by position of each weapon

attack made by extending the rear leg and landing on the bent front leg

Maestro: (Italian) a certified teacher or mentor of fencing

Main Gauche: (French) name for Dagger weapon

steel manipulated to be stronger and break more cleanly than conventional blades

Mask: wire mesh helmet required for fencing

Match: the aggregate of bouts between two fencing teams.

Measure: the distance between the fencers.

the middle third of the blade, between foible and forte.

holding the opponent's blade in a non-threatening line 

 attack made with intention to move past the opponent with blade work of either hand

 a square (6.5 meters x 6.5 meters) area used for wireless dagger fencing  

Pistol Grip:
a modern, orthopedic grip, shaped vaguely like a small pistol; varieties are known by names such as Belgian, German, Russian, and Visconti

a partial jacket worn for extra protection; typically a half- jacket worn under the main jacket on the weapon-arm side of the body

a fastener that attaches the grip to the blade.

Preparation: movement of blade preceding an action

Pronation: position of the hand with palm facing down

Quillon: A Protrusion of the guard to break or capture the opponents blade, illegal in Olympic style dagger fencing

Red Card: used to indicate a major rule infraction resulting in a point being given to the opponent

mediator of the fencing bout.

immediate replacement of an attack that missed or was parried, without withdrawing the arm.

renewal of an attack that missed or was parried, after a return to en-garde

step back; opposite of advance.

an attack made immediately after a parry of the opponent's attack.

the activity of dagger fencing lasting 5 minutes

Salle D’Armes: (French) fencing hall or club

Salute: customary acknowledgement to opponent and referee 

Second Intention:
a false action used to draw a response from the opponent, which will open the opportunity for the intended action that follows, typically a counter-riposte.

an attack (or riposte) that involves no feints.

two attacks that result in points awarded to each fencer

term used for dagger fencing with a standard: 14 meters long by 1.5 to 2 meters wide area for combat

Sudden Death:
fencing until a tie score is broken with no time limit

Supination: position of the hand with palm facing up

Tang: portion of blade that holds the guard, grip and pommel

Touch: point scored in a bout

Thrust: an attack made by moving the sword parallel to its length and landing with the point

Traverse step forward left: footwork movement in an angular direction starting with the left foot moving towards the left inside the circle strip

Traverse step forward right: footwork movement in an angular direction starting with the right foot moving towards the right inside the circle strip

Traverse step back left: footwork movement in an angular direction starting with the right foot moving backward towards the left inside the circle strip

Traverse step back right: footwork movement in an angular direction starting with the left foot moving backward towards the right inside the circle strip

Vest Protective: Plastic or heavy material used to protect the upper body

Weapon: fencing instrument

Yellow Card: warning; used to indicate a minor rule infraction by one of the fencers

© Dagger Fencing Association
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